Annual Forage Crops

Annual forage crops perform a critical role in any forage system.

Cultivation to control regrowth, rotation in cropping systems or targeted forage production to fill feed gaps are common uses for these crops.

Annual forage crops are extremely useful for producing quick quality fodder.

Annual forage crops respond well to moisture, fertility and temperature in order to produce forage at desired times.

These crops can be grown either dryland or under irrigation for higher production.

Dryland annual forage crops perform best where a good soil profile of moisture is prepared and good fallow weed control is maintained.


Oats are often used as a high production winter feed. Oats are usually planted in autumn when soil temperatures are between 15° ‐ 25°C.

First grazing should occur after second roots have developed. Grazing should be managed to avoid overgrazing. A lot of oat varieties are susceptible to leaf and stem rust which occurs in mild, moist conditions.

Riel oats has been marketed by Selected Seeds for semi-erect, early growth habit and late maturity.



Dolichos Lablab is a tropical annual legume that provides high protein (>20%) and is a high yielding, palatable forage.

Lablab can be used as a nitrogen fixing ley pasture in cropping systems. Lablab combines well with other annuals such as forage sorghum to supply nitrogen and life feed quality.

Lablab is a large seeded plant that makes it easier to sow. It can be deep sown in to moisture (up to 10cm in depth).



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Annual Forage Crops Forage Guide Annual Forage Crops Forage Guide (1812 KB)